One day in Rome itinerary

One day in Rome itineraryOne day in Rome itinerary: discover Rome in one day.
“One day in Rome itinerary” is a self guided walking tour inviting the curious visitor to discover the Rome’s historical center in one day, touching the most significant monuments like the Spanish Steps, the Pantheon, the area of the Trevi Fountain, Piazza Navona. It starts at Termini train station and ends at Piazza Venezia. To survive this walking tour, I suggest you begin the visits starting at 9 am. It is possible that you may find some church closed. The churches close, in fact, generally between 12.30 am and 3 pm.

One day in Rome itinerary

one-day-in-Rome-overview

Starting point: Line A, Termini station stop
Piazza dei Cinquecento

Largo di Villa Peretti
Palazzo Massimo
It occupies the area of the Villa Massimo Negroni, celebrated for its gigantic cypress and beautiful orange – trees, there are kept some sarcophagi and a colossal statue of Minerva, believed of Rome. It was this the residence of Card. Felice Perretti (Sisto V.). This splendid villa was unadvisedly destroyed in January 1889. Annexed to it there was the Villa Strozzi, where Alfieri wrote the Merope and Saul. Near this villa in 1874, were found important remains of Mecenate villa, with frescoes, afterwards covered and destroyed.

or

Viale Enrico De Nicola, 79
Museo Nazionale Romano Terme di Diocleziano
Terme di Diocleziano. – They were begun, in 302, by Maximianus by name of Diocletianus and inaugurated by Galerius and Maximianus. For its building were employed 40.000 christians, and they were the largest in Rome. The Church of S. Bernardo and the vestibule of the palace on the corner of via Viminale were two halls of the Terme, the Termini place was the wrestling, and the Esedra the theatre, where playings were to be seen. The better part is the great central hall, which constitutes the greater part of the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli.

Via Cernaia 9
Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli
It was erected by Pius IV.who gave the charge to Michelangelo, it was granted to the Certosini, and was modified by Vanvitelli in 1740. There are precious paintings of the most celebrated authors, as the Domenichino, Maratta, Roncalli, there is· the statue of S. Bruno by Hondon. There are buried Maratta, Salvator Rosa, Card. Alciati, and Card. Parisio.

Largo Santa Susanna
Fontana dell’Acqua Felice o del Mosè
It was erected under Sixtus V. by Domenico Fontana, the water is the ancient Alexandrine water, brought again in Rome from the Colle della Pantanella, near Colonna. The Mose is by Bresciano, the Aaron and Gedeon are by Giovan Battista della Porta. The four lions are of modern style: the ancient ones were transferred to the Vatican museum.

One-day-in-Rome-Santa-Maria-della-Vittoria

Via XX Settembre 17
Santa Maria della Vittoria
It was constructed under Paul V. in 1605, by Maderno and dedicated to St. Paul. It took its name by an image of the Madonna bronght before the catholic army in the battle of Weiss en Berg, near Praga (1620). In 1833, the image and the altar were destroyed by the fire. Santa Teresa in estasi is the central sculptural cluster in white marble set in an elevated aedicule within the Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome. it had been designed and completed by Gian Lorenzo bernini, the leading sculptor of his day, who additionally designed the setting of the Chapel in marble, stucco and paint. it’s usually thought to be one in all the sculptural masterpieces of the High Roman Baroque. It pictures Mother Theresa of Ávila.

Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa: Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, 1647-52 (Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome). Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker

This is Saint Teresa’s description of the event that Bernini depicts: “Beside me, on the left, appeared an angel in bodily form…. He was not tall but short, and very beautiful; and his face was so aflame that he appeared to be one of the highest rank of angels, who seem to be all on fire…. In his hands I saw a great golden spear, and at the iron tip there appeared to be a point of fire. This he plunged into my heart several times so that it penetrated to my entrails. When he pulled it out I felt that he took them with it, and left me utterly consumed by the great love of God. The pain was so severe that it made me utter several moans. The sweetness caused by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease, nor is one’s soul content with anything but God. This is not a physical but a spiritual pain, though the body has some share in it—even a considerable share.”

 

Via XX Settembre, 14
St. Susanna
It was founded in 283 and had the title ad duas domus by the houses of Gabinus and the bishop Caius. It was restored by Charles Maderno under Peter V.

Via Torino, 94
San Bernardo alle Terme
It is one of the round buildings of the Thermes of Diocletian, reduced into church by Catharine Sforza, in 1398, it was restored by Pius IX.

Itinerary option 1

Santa-Maria-della-Concezione-dei-Cappuccini,-or-Our-Lady-of-the-Conception-of-the-Capuchins

Via Vittorio Veneto 27
St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception of the Capuchins
Founded in 1624, by Card. Antonio Barberini, a Capucin friar and twin brother of Pope Urban VIII., after designs of the arch. Casani. In the first chapel, on the right, the Archangel St. Michael chaining Lucifero, by Guido Reni, in Lucifer they say painted Innocent X. There are some paintings by Gherardo della Notte, Domenichino, and Pietro da Cortona, there is the monument of Alexander Sobieski (1714). On the lower floor, the celebrated cimitery of the Monks, formed with skeletons and bones.

The crypt

The sepulchre is found just below the church. Cardinal Antonio Barberini, who was a member of the Capuchin order, in 1631 ordered the remains of thousands of Capuchin friars exhumed and transferred from the monastery in Via dei Lucchesi to the sepulchre. The bones were organized on the walls, and also the friars began to bury their own dead here, as well as the bodies of poor Romans, whose grave was beneath the ground of this Mass chapel. Here the Capuchins would come back to pray and reflect every evening before retiring for the night.

The crypt, or ossuary, currently contains the remains of 4,000 friars buried between 1500 and 1870, throughout which period the Roman church allowed burial in and beneath churches. The underground sepulcher is split into 5 chapels, lit solely by dim natural light-weight and fluorescent lamps.

Via dei Cappuccini

Itinerary option 2

Walk along Via Venti Settembre
Then head to Via Delle Quattro Fontane
Via delle Quattro Fontane 13
Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica in Palazzo Barberini

Piazza Barberini
It occupies part of the ancient circus of Flora. The magnificent Fontana del Tritone is by Bernini.

Via Sistina
Piazza della Trinità dei Monti, 3

One-day-in-Rome-Santa-Maria-della-Vittoria

Trinità dei Monti
It was built by order of Charles VIII of France and sacred by Sixtus V. in 1585. Left abandoned many a years, was restored by Louis XVIII. We admire some frescoes by del Vaga, Romano, Zuccari and Daniele da Volterra. On the frescoes of the Assumption is believed to find the portrait of Michelangelo.
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Viale della Trinità dei Monti
Accademia di Francia
This palace was built in 1540 by Card. Ricci, under designs of Lippi, and was embellished by Card. Medici who bought it. Therefore it is called Villa Medici.

Villa Medici
Here Galileo was imprisoned. In the XVIII. century France bought this villa and there is now the Accademia founded in 1666 by Louis XIV. On the left is the public garden.

Opening times of the ticket office
Tuesday to Sunday, 9:30 am-5:30 pm (6:30 if there is an exhibition)
Closed on Monday / 1 January / 1 May / 25 December
Entrance to Villa Medici
The ticket includes the guided tour of the Villa, the gardens and the temporary exhibition.
Guided tours
Tuesday to Sunday; 12 € [full]  – 6 € [reduced] Read more.

Piazza di Spagna
It was so called because there were some buildings. belonging to the Spanish Court. In a side there is the column of the Conception, erected by Pius IX.: the statue was modelled by Obici, and cast by De Rossi under designs by Poletti.
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Lunch time

Via della croce 8
Pasta imperiale (lunch)
Tripadvisor review

One day in Rome itinerary: afternoon walking 

Via di Propaganda
Via di S. Andrea delle Fratte, 1
Sant’Andrea delle Fratte
It took is name by the kitchen-gardens and vineyards with hedges, which there were until the XVIII. century. Its architecture is by Giovanni Guerra, the steeple by Borromini. The facade was accomplished in 1826 by Card. Consalvi, on designs of Pasquale Belli.

View-from-the-San-Silvestro-in-capite

Via della Mercede
Piazza di San Silvestro, 17/a
San Silvestro in capite
San Silvestro is one of the friendliest of Rome’s churches, with its pretty green courtyard and, on the walls, relics of early Christians from the catacombs. You will find many of these tablets in their original position when you go to the catacombs themselves, but the inscriptions here may be taken as a preparation for the Appian Way excursion. The church was built and the tablets were brought hither by Paul I in the eighth century, after the Longobards had ravaged Rome. Innocent III rebuilt it early in the thirteenth century, and as it was the shrine of the head of John the Baptist, he altered the name to S. Silvestro in Capite. Other restorations were made later by the PP. Teatini under Gregory XIII, after designs of Onorio Longhi. The dome is painted by Domenichino, the two angels are by Algardi. In the second chapel are some frescoes by Polidoro da Caravaggio, the vault by Cav. d’ Arpino.

Piazza San Silvestro
Via del Mortaro 24
Santa Maria in via – Madonna del Pozzo
The church in the Via Tritone, just off the Corso, is S. Maria in Via, built over the well on whose surface a picture of the Madonna was found floating.

Via dei Crociferi, 49
Santa Maria in Trivio
Built in VI. century by Belisarius. Gregory XIII. granted it to the ministers of the infirms, and now it belongs to Missionaries of the precious blood.

One-day-in-Rome-Trevi-fountain

Piazza di Trevi
Trevi Fountain (under restoration)
It is nourished with the Vergine water, which Agrippa conducted into Rome. For eight centuries the water ceased coming into Rome but Nicholas V., in 1455, charged Leon Battista Alberti to bring the water again.
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Via delle Muratte
Via di Pietra
Vicolo De Burrò
Via del Caravita 8a
Chiesa di Sant’ Ignazio di Loyola

Via del corso 306
Santa Maria in via Lata church and crypt
The crypt of the church is claimed to be St. Paul’s abode for two years when a prisoner in Rome: chained to a gaoler, but allowed to write and to see his friends.

Portrait of Innocent X

Via del corso 305
Galleria Doria Pamphilj (not suggested as a visit now)
Not only is the Doria a magnificent building, but it contains one of the famous pictures of the world, a portrait by Velasquez of Pope Innocent X, painted when Velasquez was on his second visit to Italy, to buy pictures for his royal master, in 1649-51. Sir Joshua Reynolds roundly called it the finest picture in Rome, and certainly, there is none finer.

Piazza della Minerva, 42
Basilica di Santa Maria Sopra Minerva
It was founded on the remains of Minerva Calcidica, the statue of which is now at the Vatican Museum. Since the VIII century there was a Basilians monastery with a small church said of S. Maria in Minervium, in 1820 it was restored in gothic style by the Dominicans Fra Sisto and Fra Ristori the architects of· S. Maria Novelle of Florence. Then it was enlarged by Card, A. Barberini and Card. Borghese there added the two organs. It is the richest for painting of sculptures of the XIV and XVI century. We can admire works of Bandinelli, Bigio, Lippo and Giovanni da Fiesole. In the church is the corpse of Santa Caterina da Siena.
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Piazza della rotonda
Piazza del Pantheon
In this place were found two basalt lions, which are to be admired at the Egyptian Museum at the Vatican. The beautiful fountain in the centre was erected for order of Gregory XIII by Onorio Longhi. Upper the fountain is a granite obelisk. The square takes its name by the splendid temple of the Pantheon.

One-day-in-rome-the-Pantheon

Pantheon
Built by Agrippa in 27 B. C. and dedicated to Jupiter in memory of the victory of Augustus against Antony. On the portico by Minister Baccelli was restored the inscription M. AGRIPP A. L. F. COS. TERTIUM FECIT. The name Pantheon is mentioned in the Acts of the Arvali brothers. In 59 A. C. all the pagan deities, which was there, were carried away. The architect of this majestic monument is said to be Valerio D’Ostia, it has 16 granite columns and was restored by Diomitianus. In 391 it was shut, in 608 it was granted to Boniface IV. by Foca. From the VIII. to XIV. Century it was damaged and in 1087 it was transformed in a fortress by antipope Ghibertus. Urban VIII. restored it in 1632, but he took away the beams and nails, what caused celebrated Pasquino to say: “Quod non fecerunt barbari fecerunt Barberini”.
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Piazza di Sant’Eustachio
Sant’Eustachio
Via della dogana vecchia

Piazza di San Luigi de’ Francesi
San Luigi dei Francesi
It was erected in 1859 by the French nation under designs of Giacomo della Porta. In 1750 it was decorated with marbles by Derizet. The statues on the front were sculpted by M. Lestasche. The chapel of S. Cecilia has some frescoes by Domenichino, a copy by Reni and the beautiful picture of the high altar by Francesco Bassano.

Piazza di Sant’Apollinare
Corsia agonale
Piazza Navona
It occupies the large area of the ancient circus of Domitian. Its name derives from nagone, in agone (fight). In the XV century was surrounded with gardens, one house of that epoch is on the left comer of Via dei Lorenesi. In 1477 the market was transferred there. Among the feasts which took place in that place, is to be remembered that one for the election of Pope Paul III. Gregory XIII. decorated it with the two fountains at the extremity, and Innocent X ordered Bernini the statue said the “Moro” (black man), which is at the southern side.

One-day-in-Rome-Sant-agnese-in-Agone

Sant’Agnese in Agone
It was erected just on the place where St. Agnes was exposed to the public derision; the Pamphily family re-built it in XVII century. The interior and cupola are by Rainaldi and his son, the belfry and the facade is by Borromini. This church is rich with marbles: the sepulcher of Innocent X. by Maini is to be seen.

One-day-in-Rome-Santa-Maria-dell-anima

Via Santa Maria dell’anima
Santa Maria dell’anima
It took its name from a marble group representing the Virgin called for assistance by two souls of the Purgatory. It was built by Giovan Pietro Fiammingo in 1440 and restored in 1514. The facade in by Sangallo and the interior is of gothic style modified by renaissance one. Lodovico Seitz painted the vault. The first chapel has a little monument, with excellent carvings of the XV century; truly remarkable the sepulcher of Cardinal Walter Slusinse and Adrian Uryburg. The picture on the high altar is a precious work by Giulio Romano, there is the monument to Hadrian VI after designs of Peruzzi. The belfry, one of the most beautiful in Rome, is perhaps after designs of Bramante.

Vicolo della Volpe
Via dei Coronari
Piazza San Salvatore in Lauro 15
San Salvatore in Lauro
Built in 1430 by Card. Orsino and took its name in lauro by the trees of laurel, which were planted near the portic of Europe. Destroyed by fire in XVII century was rebuilt by Octavius Mascherini. Afterwards the church was granted by Clement X to a catholic association of the Marches, which erected the cupola and called it of the Madonna di Loreto. It was restaured in 1862; the present facade is by Camillo Guglielmetti, and the bas-relief by Rinaldi. In the chapel a picture, by Pietro da Cortona, the Nativity, is to be admired. The statue of the Virgin is like to the one adored at Loreto. The cloister is in Renaissance style.

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