A visit to the museums in the Vatican, where the most important inscriptions from the Catacombs are collected and arranged, forcibly suggests a double contrast—with the mortuary remains of pagan Rome on one hand, and with the creed and ritual of papal Rome on the other. The inscriptions on pagan sarcophagi and cinerary urns express only hopeless grief and dismay. The dead have been snatched away from light and life into darkness and annihilation. A proud, hard stoicism under bereavement is the highest attainment of Roman virtue. Not infrequently we find the language of bitter complaint against the unjust gods who have snatched away the innocent child from loving parents with no prospect of union. But with the introduction of Christianity we have the dawn of a new hope. The very name cemetery, a sleeping-place, suggests the thought of a happy awakening when the morning shall come. The word depositits implies the same idea: the body is laid in the grave as a temporary deposit, to be reclaimed at the appointed time. One inscription, is typical of the sentiment of all: “Marius had lived long enough when, with his blood, he gave up his life for Christ”. Petronia, a deacon’s wife says:”Weep not, dear husband and daughters; believe that it is wrong to weep for one who lives in God, buried in peace.”